Publication Ethics Statement

Publication Ethics Statement

JAS is a peer-reviewed, international journal. This statement outlines the ethical behavior of all parties engaged in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, chief editor, Editorial Board, peer reviewer, and publisher (Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo). This statement is based on the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethical guidelines for journal publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed JAS is a critical component in the creation of a cohesive and respected network of knowledge. It reflects the quality of the authors' work and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed papers promote and embody the scientific method. As a result, it is critical to establish ethical norms for all parties engaged in the publication process, including the author, journal editor, peer reviewer, publisher, and society.

Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, as publisher of JAS, takes its guardianship of all stages of publishing very seriously, and we acknowledge our ethical and other responsibilities. We are dedicated to ensuring that advertising, reprint, and other commercial revenue have no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, the Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo and Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers as needed.

Publication decisions

The editor of JAS is in charge of determining which of the articles submitted to the magazine should be published. Such decisions must always be driven by the validity of the work in question, as well as its value to scholars and readers. The editors may be led by the journal's editorial board policies while also being bound by any legal requirements that may be in effect at the time including libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may consult with other editors or reviewers to make this choice.

Fair play.

An editor can examine papers at any moment for their intellectual value, regardless of the writers' color, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic background, citizenship, or political philosophy.


The editor and any editorial staff are not permitted to divulge any information about a submitted article to anybody other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, if applicable.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's own study without the author's express written agreement.

Duties of Reviewers

Contributions to Editorial Decisions

Peer review helps the editor make editorial judgments, and editorial discussions with the author can help the author improve the manuscript.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to examine the research provided in a paper or understands that prompt review is impossible should contact the editor and withdraw from the review process.


Manuscripts received for consideration must be treated as confidential. They may not be shown or discussed with others unless allowed by the editor.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be objective. Personal criticism of the author is not appropriate. Referees should convey their opinions clearly and with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers should find relevant published material that the authors have not cited. Any claim that an observation, derivation, or argument has been previously published should be accompanied by the appropriate citation. A reviewer should also bring to the editor's attention any significant similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper about which they are personally aware.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Privileged knowledge or ideas received through peer review must remain confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not accept manuscripts that have conflicts of interest due to competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or affiliations with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the articles.

Duties of Authors

Reporting Standards

Authors of original research reports should include an accurate overview of the work completed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data should be appropriately reported in the study. A paper should provide enough information and references to allow others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or willfully inaccurate remarks are unethical and unprofessional.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are asked to provide raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and they should be prepared to provide public access to such data (in accordance with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if possible, and to retain such data for a reasonable period of time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

The authors should ensure that their works are wholly unique, and that if they have used the work and/or words of others, they have properly cited or quoted them.

Multiple, redundant, or concurrent publications

In general, an author should avoid publishing articles presenting the same research in multiple journals or primary publications. It is unethical and improper to submit the same paper to many journals at the same time.

Acknowledgement of sources

Proper recognition of the work of others must always be provided. Authors should cite publications that influenced the character of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who contributed significantly to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported study. Everyone who has made important contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who contributed to certain substantive areas of the study endeavor should be acknowledged or identified as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all suitable co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the article, and that all co-authors have viewed and approved the final version of the manuscript and consented to its publication.

Hazards to Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves chemicals, humans, animals, processes, or equipment that have any particular hazards associated with their usage, the author must fully describe these in the report.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors should state any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that could be interpreted as influencing the results or interpretation of their paper. All sources of funding for the project should be mentioned.

Fundamental errors in published works.

When an author uncovers a serious error or inaccuracy in his or her own published work, the author must promptly tell the journal editor or publisher and collaborate with the editor to retract or fix the manuscript.